Violin is one of the most fascinating musical instruments in the world. It has always mesmerized people with its design and tone. It is a strings instrument which is played with the help of Bow. The technique of holding Violin is also unique; you have to hold this instrument between your left collar bone and chin to play it. Though it is not as easy as it looks but with sheer practice, one can master the art of playing Violin. No surprise if you get attracted towards this beautiful instrument at your first sight. Such is the beauty of this small instrument that it can let you forget the world, once you start listening to it. This article is all about Violin, its history and constructions details. So, let’s have a look of its details.
There is no clear evidence as who has made the first violin but there is good evidence that it was originated in somewhere northern Italy. One of the evidence exists in the painting of Gaudenzio Ferrari around 1530s which had only three strings instrument. Later during 15th and 16th centuries this instrument developed from number of other strings instrument. The modern Violin which we see today, constructed around 500 years back. It is said that it was designed by an Italian named Andrea Amati. The ‘Violin’ word comes from a Latin word ‘Vitula’ which means ‘strings instrument’. Violin is also called as ‘fiddle’ but this word suits only when we talk about ‘folk music’.
Violin is a fret less strings instrument and its main parts are ‘Body’, ‘Fingerboard’, ‘neck’, ‘Bridge’ and ‘Tailpiece’. It contains four strings which are tuned in G, D, A & E notes and it played with Bow. The top body of the violin are mostly made of spruce while side and back with maple wood.
The fingerboard typically made of ebony but sometimes other wood also get used with painted in ebony to make it more affordable. Mostly ebony gets used because of its hardness, look and the greater resistance to bear.
The neck of the violin made of maple which helps to connect the body and the top part of the instrument. It also helps and supports the fingerboard.
The ‘Bridge’ is made of maple and it help to transmit the vibration of the string to the body of violin. The curve design of the Bridge helps to hold the strings at the proper height from the fingerboard so that each string can be played separately by the Bow.
Tailpiece of the violin can be varied with different material or wood. It helps to anchor the strings to the lower part of the body.
The top part of design called ‘scroll’, below this part there are four ‘pegs’ you can see. Pegs are used to tune the violin. It can be made with ebony or any wood depend on the quality of the Violin.
Violin size comes in ¼, ½, ¾ and 4/4 (full size). All looks the same with same construction design. Sizes are made thinking of the age of the student. Some start from very early age like 5 and half year, so they need small size violin which they can hold it comfortably. Student should feel comfortable holding it and accordingly one should select the size. Full size violin is normally used by adult people.
A violin played with the help of Bow, if one purchase a violin, the bow comes along with it. You don’t need to buy it separately unless you have your own preference. It made with stick consist of horsehair strung between the tips to opposite end.
Violin is such a vast subject which can’t be said or write in few words. I have just tried to provide some brief details about this wonderful musical instrument. I will sure write some more interesting fact and details about Violin in my next article which will sure furnish you with fresh knowledge.